Third party reproduction refers to collaborative efforts between intended parents, egg donors, gestational carriers (also called gestational surrogates), fertility clinics, OB/Gyn clinics, sperm donors, sperm banks, and third party fertility agencies to grow families. Third party reproduction in the United States and around the world has been increasing dramatically over the last five years. These collaborative efforts offer hope to millions.
Dr. Deborah Simmons has been providing psychological evaluations and psychoeducation for egg donors, gestational carriers, and intended parents since 1998. She works closely with fertility clinics, OB/Gyn clinics, and third party reproduction agencies in the Twin Cities and around the country. She has been a member of the Mental Health Professional Group of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine since 1998.